Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)

WEEKLY COMMUNICATOR (300 x 100 px) (200 × 100 px) (1)

FACTS

  • Excess spinal fluid collects in the chambers of the brain (ventricles).
  • The ventricles increase in size and press on nearby brain tissue, causing symptoms.

SYMPTOMS

  • Difficulty walking (feet appear to be “glued” to the floor)
  • Falls, usually backwards
  • Loss of bladder control, which usually follows cognitive and walking difficulties

RISK FACTORS

  • Typically diagnosed in people in their 60s and 70s
  • Unknown cause but can be seen with history of brain bleed, infection, inflammation, or injury

DIAGNOSIS

  • Brain scans and imaging can help see whether there is too much fluid building up in the ventricles.
  • A lumbar puncture, also called a spinal tap, is sometimes recommended for diagnosis and treatment.

TREATMENT

  • Insertion of a brain shunt by a neurosurgeon to remove extra fluid and improve symptoms.

More on Dementia

Sundowning

Sundowning is a diagnosis but not a syndrome.

Read More

Agitation and Aggression

Identify the causes of agitation and aggression to help identify appropriate strategies.

Read More

Engagement Activities

Engagement activities stimulate the brain and can lead to relaxation and satisfaction.

Read More

Holidays and Events

Memory disorders can cause a low tolerance for lively settings.

Read More

Devices and Technology

Learn about the different technology available to assist those aging in place.

Read More

Communication Do’s and Don’ts

Proper communication with someone with a memory disorder.

Read More

Fire Safety

Memory impairments increase risk of engaging in fire-risky behavior.

Read More

Driving Conversation

Dr. Edwards discusses how to have a conversation about driving with dementia.

Read More

Driving and Dementia

Memory disorders increase risk of unsafe driving.

Read More

Firearm Safety

Understand the importance of firearm safety and strategies to reduce risk.

Read More