Parkinson's Disease Dementia

WEEKLY COMMUNICATOR (300 x 100 px) (200 × 100 px) (1)

FACTS

  • Parkinson’s disease dementia is also known as Lewy body dementia.
  • Lewy bodies are abnormal deposits of protein found in the outer layers of the brain and deep inside the midbrain and brainstem.
  • This is the third most common type of dementia, after Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia.
  • 1.3 million people in the United States have Parkinson’s disease dementia.
  • Motor and dementia symptoms usually occur within one year of each other.

SYMPTOMS

  • Progressive decline in memory and ability to think
  • Difficulty interpreting visual information
  • Fluctuating alertness and symptoms from moment to moment and day to day
  • Delusions and vivid, visual hallucinations which are generally not frightening
  • Problems with movement resembling Parkinson’s disease such as shuffling gait, balance difficulties, tremor, muscle stiffness, and slow movement
  • Frequent falls
  • Sleep disorder with vivid dreams and excessive movement while sleeping
  • Daytime drowsiness

RISK FACTORS

  • No known cause or risk factors
  • Age at diagnosis usually 50-85 years old
  • Worsening of symptoms may be seen after anesthesia

DIAGNOSIS

  • It can be difficult to diagnose because Parkinson’s disease dementia symptoms are similar to Alzheimer’s and other dementias.

TREATMENT

  • Memory medication may be used to help brain cells communicate with each other.
  • Read the website document Memory Medications for more information.
  • Patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia may have increased risk of side effects from medications.

More on Dementia

Sundowning

Sundowning is a diagnosis but not a syndrome.

Read More

Agitation and Aggression

Identify the causes of agitation and aggression to help identify appropriate strategies.

Read More

Engagement Activities

Engagement activities stimulate the brain and can lead to relaxation and satisfaction.

Read More

Holidays and Events

Memory disorders can cause a low tolerance for lively settings.

Read More

Devices and Technology

Learn about the different technology available to assist those aging in place.

Read More

Communication Do’s and Don’ts

Proper communication with someone with a memory disorder.

Read More

Fire Safety

Memory impairments increase risk of engaging in fire-risky behavior.

Read More

Driving Conversation

Dr. Edwards discusses how to have a conversation about driving with dementia.

Read More

Driving and Dementia

Memory disorders increase risk of unsafe driving.

Read More

Firearm Safety

Understand the importance of firearm safety and strategies to reduce risk.

Read More